Before starting to learn the different technics of Pranayama, it is important to understand how to breath.
One of the most important technics of breathing is the Ujjayi breath, or the ocean breath. You can use this technic during all your practice and out of the mat to increase the Prana in your body and create a state of calm and space inside of you.
THE OCEAN BREATH
Ujjayi is an ancient yogic breathing technique that helps calm the mind and body.
Commonly translated as “ocean breath,” Ujjayi has a balancing influence on the entire cardiorespiratory system and releases feelings of irritation and frustration.
How to perform Ujjayi breath:
Take an inhalation that is slightly deeper than normal. With your mouth closed, exhale through your nose while constricting your throat muscles.
Another way to get the hang of this practice is to try exhaling the sound “haaaaah” with your mouth open. Now make a similar sound with your mouth closed, feeling the outflow of air through your nasal passages.
Once you have mastered this on the outflow, use the same method for the inflow breath, gently constricting your throat as you inhale.
Try shifting into Ujjayi breath whenever you find yourself becoming aggravated or stressed, and you should notice a prompt soothing effect. If you practice yoga, focusing on Ujjayi breathing will help you stay focused and centered as you flow from one posture to the next.
Ujjayi is also useful when you’re doing aerobic exercise such as running or cycling. In fact, some Olympic-level athletes have introduced Ujjayi into their training routines to improve their respiratory efficiency. Experiment with this breath technique when you are working out and see if it reduces wear and tear on your body.
*Source : Chopra Center